11 giant infrastructure projects that could reshape Europe
It might not get the attention Dubai and China get for their massive skyscrapers and cities, but there’s still plenty of infrastructure coming Europe’s way.
They include enormous railway projects that bore miles-long tunnels underground and floating solar farms that are nearly impossible to spot with the naked eye.
Here are some of the biggest infrastructure projects in Europe.
Birmingham’s Big City Plan will use approximately $12.2 billion over the next decade to transform the British city center. It’ll be 25% bigger, have thousands more homes, and tens of thousands of new jobs — all in an effort to make the city greener, wealthier, and attractive to residents.
Source: Big City Plan
A company called Northvolt plans to build a second Tesla gigafactory in Sweden, which would produce battery packs for the company’s electric cars. The $4.2 billion factory will produce hundreds of thousands of lithium ion batteries.
The 20-year Turkey Urban Renewal Project, a far-reaching plan to demolish some 7 million buildings and rebuild earthquake-resistant structures in their place, began in 2012 with an estimated cost of $400 billion.
After 17 years of construction, the Gotthard Base Tunnel opened in Switzerland on June 1, 2016. At 35 miles long, it’s both the longest and deepest train tunnel in the world, offering unprecedented efficiency when traveling through the Alps.
Russia’s Moscow International Business Center, or “Moscow City,” has been in development for more than 25 years and has seen $12 billion in investments. It contains many of the tallest buildings in Europe and is still only halfway finished.
Source: Moscow City
London’s Crossrail project — a massive upgrade to the existing Underground system — is the largest construction project ever undertaken in Europe. It involves 10 new train lines and connects 30 existing stations via 73 miles of track and 26 miles of tunnels. Limited service will begin in 2017, while full service will arrive in 2020.
The Stockholm Bypass Project, set to be completed in 2025, could reduce traffic in the city by expanding a patch of the European Highway prone to heavy traffic. An additional 13 miles of underground roadway will cost about $3.5 billion; it’ll be the largest tunnel near a city when finished.
Source: Swedish Transport Administration
In March 2016, the world’s largest floating solar farm powered up on a lake just outside London. It contains 23,000 panels, which will power a water treatment plant that provides clean drinking water to 10 million people across England.
Martin Godwin/The Guardian
The London Array is the largest offshore wind farm in the world by energy output. Its 175 turbines are capable of producing 630 megawatts of power, which could power more than 300,000 homes. It is currently mid-construction, with an estimated $2.3 billion already invested.